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VIETNAM & THINGS TO KNOW ABOUT


VIETNAM is a country in Souhteast Asia and the Eastern most country on the Indochinese Peninsula. Vietnam 2020 population is  estimated at 97,338,579 people at mid year according to UN data. Vietnam population is equivalent to 1.25% of the total world population. Vietnam ranks number 15 in the list of countries (and dependencies) by population. Neighbor country is China to the North, Lao and Cambodia to the West. Vietnam shares its maritime borders with Thailand, Philippines, Indonesia and Malaysia.

The history of Vietnam can be traced back to around 4000 years ago. The first ruler of Vietnam was Hùng Vương, who founded the nation in 2879 B.C. Vietnam was called Văn Lang during the Hùng Vương Dynasty, Âu Lạc when An Dương was king, Nam Việt during the Triệu Dynasty, Van Xuan during the Anterior Lý Dynasty, Đại Cồ Việt during the Đinh dynasty and Early Lê dynasty. Starting in 1054, Vietnam was called Đại Việt (Great Viet).

Beautiful Girl in Vietnam

Today Vietnam, officialy the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. The current President is Nguyễn Phú Trọng, who was elected by the National Assembly in October 2018. As General Secretary (Chủ tịch), Trọng heads the party's Secretariat and is the Secretary of the Central Military Commission in addition to being the Head of Government, the highest decision-making body in Vietnam, which currently makes him the most powerful person in Vietnam.

Hà Nội. Hanoi is the capital of Vietnam, is one of the most ancient cities in the world. Hanoi is known for its centuries-old architecture and a rich culture with Southeast Asian, Chinese, Lao and Cambodian. Hanoi is North of Vietnam located on the banks of the Red River, where travellers can find well-preserved colonial buildings, ancient pagodas, and unique museums within the city centre. At its heart is the historical Old Quarter, where the narrow streets are roughly arranged by trade. Noi Bai International Airport There are many little temples, including Bach Ma, honoring a legendary horse, plus Đồng Xuân Market, selling household goods and street food. The city is also known for its delectable cuisine, vibrant nightlife, silks and handicrafts. Hanoi enjoys four distinct seasons with a remarkably diverse climate. Temperature in the Summer is about 96´ F from May to August, and can be as low as 50´ F in the winter from November to March. The best time to visit Hanoi is August to November (Fall) and from March to June (Spring).

Huế. Hue is a city in central Vietnam situated 5 miles from the East Coast. At the city’s heart, on the shallow Huong River (Hue River, or Perfume River) river’s left bank, is the 19th-century Citadel Đại Nội, surrounded by a moat and thick stone walls. The citadel’s 7-mile walled circumference enclosed priceless artifacts of Vietnamese civilization. It encompasses the Imperial City, with palaces and shrines; the Forbidden Purple City (Tử cấm thành), once the emperor’s home; and a replica of the Royal Theater.The Nguyen Dynasty controlled southern and central Vietnam from the mid-16th to the mid-20th century. Tan Son Nhat International Airport The commercial section of the city is located to the east of the imperial capital. Situated in the path of the northeast winter monsoon (September to April), the city receives heavy rainfall, 104 to 116 inches annually. Summers are hot and relatively dry, June being the warmest month. Travel by train of Vietnam Railways from Ho Chi Minh to Hue takes about 18-22 hours and it is better then traveling by bus could takes about 26-30 hrs.

Hồ Chí Minh City, also commonly refered to as Saigon, is the largest city of Vietnam. Located in southeastern Vietnam, the city surrounds the Saigon River and covers about 800 square miles. Ho Chi Minh City is the economic and financial centre of Vietnam, and plays an important role in the country's culture and scientific developments. With rapid economic development, Ho Chi Minh City is undergoing constructions of new high-tech zones and education institutions, and serves as a major media and entertainment centre. Busy and noisy around the clock, HCM City nevertheless still shows why it was once known as The Pearl of the Orient. Tân Sơn Nhất is the busiest airport in Vietnam.


NORTH OF VIETNAM – MIỀN BẮC


Hà Nội with its myriad lakes, tree-lined avenues, old narrow street,historic sites, the majestic Red River (Sông Hồng) flowing on its outskirt, a great place to explore on foot. The best way to get around Hanoi is by bicycle, motorbike and cyclo. Tourist can hire motorbike and bicycle, but if you're not confident about the chaotic traffic, it's best to hire a local tour guide.

Imperial Citadel of Thang Long: Hanoi enjoys four distinct seasons with a remarkably diverse climate. Temperature in the Summer is about 96´ F from May to August, and can be as low as 50´ F in the winter from November to March. The best time to visit Hanoi is August to November (Fall) and from March to June (Spring). Noi Bai International Airport

Water Pupet Theater: English is popular but you'll find older generations quite fluently in French while the younger generations speaking excellent Chinese, Korean, Russian, Japanese, and German.

Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum: Ho Chi Minh has left an indelible mark on Vietnamese history and he is revered in Hanoi as the country’s greatest leader. Nicknamed ‘Uncle Ho’ by locals, his preserved body is now laid to rest in a glass case in the Ba Dinh area of Hanoi. This is more than a tourist attraction, it is a part of living history and a visit here stays long in the memory. The sombre building was modeled after Lenin’s mausoleum in Moscow.

The Perfume Pagoda or Chùa Hương is a dramatic temple complex believed to have been first built in the 15th century. This series of Buddhist temples are built into a mountain range in a maze of alleyways carved into the limestones cliffs of Huong Tich with rich forests and flowing streams all around. Perfume Pagoda in Hanoi It is believed that the first temple was built here in the 15th century, although legend declares that the site was actually discovered over 2,000 years ago by a Buddhist monk who was meditating nearby. The mountain foothills are an area of great natural and spiritual beauty filled with streams, tropical plants and temples. Located around 37 miles south of Hanoi in the Son Mountains the journey here is an experience in itself. First tourist must take a two hour journey by car or bus before travelling by boat to the foot of the mountains. The boat journeys down a narrow flowing steam fringed by rice fields, temples and grass and you will have the option to stop and visit some of these temples. However, if you are short of time its best to head straight to Huong Tich Cave. It’s an uphill walk to the Perfume Pagoda which will take around one hour and things can get slippery, so remember to bring walking shoes or boots.

The entrance to the vast and mysterious Perfume Pagoda and Huong Tich Cave resembles that of an open dragon’s mouth and is decorated in ancient (chữ nôm, 字喃) dates back to 1770. Inside the cave are many statues carved from green stone which decorate an intricate shrine, including one of Lord Buddha and another of the Buddhist goddess Quan Am. Smooth stalactites and stalagmites also fill the cave which are constantly touched by pilgrims believing them to deliver miracles and good luck. Visitor will find the temple very cool inside and also very busy especially during the days of the Chua Huong festival which lasts from January to April. Other temples to see within the complex include the Vong Temple, Thuyet Kinh Cave and Thien Son Pagoda.

Hoan Kiem Lake and Ngoc Son: Hoan Kiem Lake, also known as "Sword Lake" or Turtle Lake is a freshwater lake in the center of Hanoi. Hoan Kiem Lake It is a popular hangout spot throughout the day with locals and tourists. Around sunrise and sunset, this area becomes especially busy with joggers, couples enjoying the relaxing views across the lake, and the elderly practising Tai Chi and line dancing. Hoan Kiem Lake is free of charge, but there’s a fee of $20,000 VND/$.86 US to visit Ngoc Son Temple. Ngoc Son Temple or Temple of the Jade Mountain sits on a small island in the centre of the lake and linked by a bridge, makes a beautiful background for a few photos. Built in 18th century in the Jade Island, it is dedicated to Tran Hung Dao, a war hero who defeated 300,000 Mongolian soldiers invading Vietnam in the 13th century. In the temple, you can find the alters, some artifacts and a 250 kg preserved specimen of a giant turtle.

Dong Xuan Market: The renowned Dong Xuan Market in downtown Hanoi has long been a favorite, a busy trade center that attracted buyers from many other places. Here you can find a wide range of commodities from fabric, clothing, local handicrafts, souvenirs and street foods. Read on to explore all the specific things about Dong Xuan Market. In 1889, the construction of Dong Xuan Market was started with five vault-like roofs and steel frames; each frame is 19 meter high and 52 metters, covering a total area of 6500 square meters. Once the market was completed, there was only a market every two days, but later on, due to the needs of developing economy and commerce, Dong Xuan Market opened everyday from morning to evening. Dong Xuan Market What to eat in Dong Xuam market? Noodle with grilled meat on bamboo-stick meat Bún chả que tre. Rib and cartilage gruel Cháo sườn sụn. Beef jerky and green papaya salad Gỏi xoài khô bò. Đồng Xuân nigh market held from 6pm till midnight on Friday, Saturday and Sunday. Dong Xuan Night Market is not only a place for purchasing goods in general but also an integral destination for cultural exchanges. Spreading over some main streets in the Old Quarter, Dong Xuan Night Market provides you with numerous products in nearly 4000 kiosks, ranging from fabric, clothes, souvenirs, handicrafts to foods and beverages, all of which reflect the typical culture and also the spirit of Hanoi.

First floor is where you can sit down to have a break after going shopping. Like other trading places, there are plentiful kinds of foodstuffs such as meat, seafood, vegetables and processed foods. The back parts of this floor sells pets like dogs, cats, goldfish and also fresh flowers. Not only that, household appliances and electric equipment are for sale there.

Second floor is where fashion products are sold with T-shirts, hats, dresses, skirts, fabrics in many colors and styles, most of which are the latest ones in the market. Besides, accessories are available on the second floor with handbags, shoes, necklaces, bracelets, earrings, watches and souvenirs like ceramic teapots, conical hats and decorations.

Third floor is the place for parents with kids. Here you will find clothes for newborn babies, pregnant women and children, which are all very colorful and beautiful. In addition, there are other types of products for children such as toys, stuffed animals, lego blocks and puzzle games.

Hanoi Old Quarter or “Phố cổ Hà Nội” is located between Hoan Kiem Lake the Lake of the Restored Sword, the Long Bien Bridge, a former city rampart, and a citadel wall. The Old Quarter consisting of 36 old streets inside, many of the streets were named after the crafts sold at that individual street. Hang Gai Street offers silk clothing ready-made and tailored, embroidery, and silver products. Hang Quat, the street that formerly sold silk and feather fans, now stuns the visitor by its brilliantly colored funeral and festival flags and religious objects and clothing. Pho Hang Bun (Vermicelli), Pho Hang glimmers with shiny paper products, such as gift wrappings, wedding decorations and miniature paper objects to burn for the dead. Lan Ong Street is a sensual delight of textures and smells emanating from the sacks of herbal medicinal products: leaves, roots, barks, and powders, and Pho Hang Bac (Silver) are examples of the streets carrying the name of the products sold there. To fully explore the Old Quarter in Hanoi, prepare your feet for a day of walking street to street and taking in the locals’ daily life, the old-style narrow streets and houses, the colorful souvenir shops, and of course trying some of the most tasty traditional foods of Hanoians.

Ba Vi National Park is a nature reserve of stunning beauty located around two hours (36 miles) from downtown Hanoi. Tourist can get to Ba Vi National Park by bus, take the Bus route 214 from Yen Nghia Bus Station (Ha Dong District, Ha Noi) to Xuan Khanh, or Bus route 71 or 74 from My Dinh Bus Station to Xuan Khanh. Famous for its three-peaked mountain that juts steeply up into the sky and is often topped by cloud, Ba Vi National Park has dramatic scenery and a diverse range of jungle plants and animals. At the summit of the tallest mountain is an 11th century temple offering expansive views of the surrounding countryside and on the forest floor are natural hot springs. Visit hours is from 6:00 - 7:00, Monday - Sunday. Entrance fee is $60,000 VND/$2.60 US. The best time to visit is usually from April – September when the weather is dry and cool, or from November – December, when the beautiful wild sunflowers start blooming. Ba Vi National Park is one of Vietnam's most outstanding natural areas, but if you planned to visit only one national park in Vietnam, Bach Ma National Park near Hue is more beautiful and should be on your list.

What to visit in Ba Vi National Park? From the Head Office/Gate follow the trail takes you to Castus Garden/Vườn Xương Rồng —» Ngoc Hoa Cave/Động Ngọc Hoa —» Guest House/Nhà Nghỉ and Pool/Hồ Bơi —» Summer Camp/Trại Hè —» The Old Church/Nhà Thờ Cổ —» Ngoc Hoa Peak/Đỉnh Ngọc Hoa —» Tieu Dong Peak/Đỉnh Tiểu Đồng —» Old Green Cypress trees/Rừng Bách Cổ Thụ —» Tan Vien Peak/Đỉnh Tản Viên —» Upper Temple/Đền Thượng —» Political Prison/Nhà tù Pháp thuộc —» King Peak/Đỉnh Vua —» Temple President Ho Chi Minh/Đền thờ Chủ tịch Hồ Chí Minh —» Bao Thien Tower/Tháp Bảo Thiên.

Hanoi Opera House at 1 Trang Tien, Hoan Kiem District, Hanoi. Ha Noi Opera House Hanoi Opera House, set in the heart of the French Quarter, is arguably one of the most elegant buildings in all of Hanoi. Built in 1911 and modelled after the Paris Opera House, this historical landmark exudes Parisian charm from its ivory-toned columns, ornate balustrades and Gothic domes. Priced at VND 100,000 upwards, visitors can enjoy classical performances ranging from Vietnamese opera and dance performances to sketches and music concerts by world-renowned artists. For show time and booking contact (024) 39330 113 or email: hnopera@hanoioperahouse.org.vn

Temple of Literature at 58 Quoc Tu Giam, Van Mieu, Dong Da, Hanoi. Business hours is from 8:30 - 11:30 & 13:30 - 16:30, Tuesday - Sunday. Entrance fee is $10,000 VND/$.50 US. The Temple of Literature is a charming temple complex in the centre of Hanoi that was originally built to be a centre of learning dedicated to the Chinese sage and scholar Confucius. Over the proceeding 1000 years many more buildings have been added and beautified o that now this large area is filled with ornate pavilions, shrines, and a rich garden. It has become a rite of passage for graduating doctors to visit The Temple of Literature and the whole place is steeped in Vietnamese history.

Tam Dao: Tam Đảo is located just 50 miles from Hanoi, Tam Dao is also known as Three islands flow in the Sky with its cool climate all year round and poetic and lyrical scenery. This is also the ideal hot spot in the days when the North is in hot weather. Morning in Tam Dao will be the spring, the warm afternoon of summer, the romantic afternoon of autumn and the cold winter evening of winter. What to see in Tam Dao? TV Tower, Tam Dao ancient stone church, Silver Falls, and Mau Thuong temple. For available tours and booking contact Vietnam Online

Nui Coc Lake: Núi Cốc lake, also known as Three islands flow in the Sky. It's a man-made lake, approximately 16 miles west of the city of Thái Nguyên in Thái Nguyên Province, Vietnam, in Tam Đảo National Park. Nui Coc is a mountainous area, with a huge lake, lots of islands, temples, walking tracks, kiosks, entertainment parks, etc. Tourist can travel by boats to many of the islands, have pic-nics, visit very old Buddhist temples, and try some Vietnamese delicacies. For more information of Thai Nguyen Vietnam Discovery

Ba Be National Park Ba Bể or Three Bay National Park. Established in 1992 as Vietnam’s eighth national park, Ba Be National Park protects nearly 39 square miles of rainforest, lakes, limestone peaks, caves, waterfalls and a sprinkling of ethnic minority villages, many of them part of the Tay minority. What’s often referred to as Ba Be Lake is in fact three interconnected lakes linked by wide channels. For available tours and booking contact Viator

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THE CENTRE & MIỀN TRUNG


Huế. Hue is a delightful city to visit with loads of things to see and do. As the former capital of Vietnam, it is dripping in history and Hue is particularly renowned for the beautiful tombs of former emperors that are scattered about here and there. Mr. Pho - Pho Cafe Hue is a small city with a very rich history but how do you spend a day in Huế? Have breakfast at Mr. Pho - Pho Cafe (35 Bùi Thị Xuân, Phường Đúc, Thành phố Huế, Thừa Thiên Huế, Vietnam) —» Visit Thien Mu Pagoda —» Visit Tom of Khai Dinh Emperior —» Visit the Emperior City of Hue —» Watch the Sunset in Tam Giang Lagoon —» Eat dinner at Dong Ba market —» Walk the night market —» and have a Great Cocktail at DMZ Bar.

Tu Duc tomb is located amidst pine trees on the south bank of the river, is one of the finest legacies of the Nguyen's dynasties. Khai Dinh's tomb with its stone mandarins, horses and life size elephants, is the most famous of all the tombs. Duc Duc's tomb is the closest of all the royal tombs to the city of Hue. Gia Long's tomb on the north bank of Perfume river has a majestic simplicity as it rest amongst a picturesque 2,875ha of parkland and forest. Minh Mang's tomb is 7 miles from Hue, is set amidst pine trees and wild grass. The 3 meters high enclosure includes a grand court with stone staircases leading to a two-tiered terrace which in turn leads to the Square Pavilion and stone stele.

Dong Ba Market Chợ Đông Ba is on Tran Hung Dao street about 1/4 mile from Trang Tien bridge is the biggest and busiest bnusiness centre in Hue. All kinds of high quality goods and handicrafts made inside and outside the city can be found here, Hue is famous for its conical hats which include silhouettes that can only be seen when the hat is held to the light.

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Imperial Citadel is a small, self contained city of about 3.3sq miles with about 100 buildings within the massive stone walls. One side of the perfectly square fortress is edged by the river. Within the outer wall lies the Imperial City and inside, the Forbidden City, the former living quarters of the imperial family.


SOUTH OF VIETNAM & MIỀN NAM & HO CHI MINH CITY


Ho Chi Minh City or Saigon is the kind of city that takes tourist by surprise. You don’t expect much from it, and yet you end up loving it. Its vibe, its positive energy, the sights and the food will all draw you into it, and you will end up wanting to go back – just like it happened to me. One of the best ways to get around the city is on a mototaxi, and they beat the terrible traffic of the city. These kind of taxis can be easily recognized by the fact that drivers are parked at the side of the street, and they hold two helmets. Prices are super convenient, and it is a good way to admire the city from a different perspective. For Ho Chi Minh City's attractions and where to go see Vietnam-Guide.

Suoi Tien Theme Park, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

Suoi Tien Theme Park is located about 40 minutes from downtown Ho Chi Minh City, in Thu Duc district at 120 Xa lộ Hà Nội, Phường Tân Phú, Quận 9. Several years ago, this was an uninhabited land which had a natural stream flowing across endemic forest and natural scenery. The name “Suoi Tien” (Fairy Stream) derived from a story about 7 sacred girls died and became fairies in this land. Later the land was turned into a forestry farm before being developed into what we see today – the biggest cultural theme park of Ho Chi Minh City. It's one of the biggest theme parks in Saigon and offers plenty of world class entertainment facilities. Open daily, entrance fees to Suoi Tien Cultural Amusement Park are priced at US$5 for adults and US$2.50 for children.

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SOUTH OF VIETNAM & MIỀN NAM & CAN THO


Can Tho City Cần Thơ is a city in southern Vietnam’s Mekong Delta region. Set on the southern bank of the Hau River, it’s known for its canal network and nearby floating markets. The modern 2.75-km cable-stayed Can Tho Bridge spans the river. Ninh Kieu Wharf is a popular tourist stop in Can Tho city, just a few minutes from the centre. It is a popular hub for boat trips, bars, restaurants, hotels and to watch the sunset. The view over the river with colourful fishing and trading boats illuminated at all angles on the shimmering golden water at sunset is extremely photogenic.

Cai Rang Floating Market: Tourist can board a boat in the early hours of the morning at Ninh Kieu Wharf, and head off to the most popular tourist attraction of the city, the Cai Rang floating market (chợ nổi Cái Răng). The market is about 30 minutes away by boat on Mekong river. Packed into a small group, you will see small and large vessels selling all sorts of fruits, vegetables and cooked food. If you want to know what each boat is selling, just look at the tall bamboo pole erected at the front of the boat. Samples of everything sold on the boat is display, hanging on the bamboo pole. All you have to do is lean over your boat and ask for it.

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Con Son Islet: Cồn Sơn, Cần Thơ located on Bui Huu Nghia Ward in Binh Thuy District and just about 4 miles away from Ninh Kieu Wharf in the Mekong Delta City of Can Tho, Con Son could be an ideal choice for those who love traveling to take a tour to the stunning tourist site. Cồn Sơn is a sleepy islet where you can experience the countryside lifestyle firsthand. Some of the households on the islet offer visitors a peek into their lives. It’s possible to do a homestay here, but most tourists will have the opportunity to visit floating fish-raft villages, orchards, and stork gardens, and learn to make traditional cakes and cook rustic dishes of local people there. Otherwise, you can just take your own sweet time to stroll around the islet and experience the rural lifestyle of farmers and fishermen in Southern Vietnam.

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Ha Tien: Hà Tiên is a large seaside town in Kien Giang Province in Southern Vietnam. It is at the western end of the Mekong Delta close to the Cambodian border. Hà Tiên plays some important events in Vietnamese history. Nguyen Anh, the king who took shelter here in the late 18th century before he commenced his conquest for control of the country. What to see and do in Ha Tien? Ha Tien Beach, Tam Bao Pagoda/Chua Tam Bao, Chua Giai Thoat, Tinh Xa Ngoc Ho, Thach Dong Temple, Cho Ca, and Dao Tre.

Phu Quoc: Located in the prime location in the Gulf of Thailand, 37 miles west of Ha Tien and less than 10 miles south of the coast of Cambodia, Phu Quoc Island was one of south-east Asia's best-kept secrets has been becoming one of the most-visited destinations in Vietnam. Phu Quoc Island is home to around 20 unspoilt beaches, Khem Beach is one of its most beautiful, overlooking Emerald Bay with fine white sands caressed by champagne-like effervescent waves. Sao Beach, considered the “crown jewel” of Phu Quoc, is also known for its snow white beaches, while Long Beach, which boasts a 12 miles coast on the west side of the island is ideal for sunsets and among the island’s most popular beaches. There’s also a hidden beach on the eastern end of Rach Vem Beach known as Starfish Beach for its rich population of red starfish found bathing in the sun just a few feet from the water’s edge.

Phu Quoc Island

Phu Quoc is a hub of marine activity, housing large areas of coastal ecosystems, and nearly 110 species of corals, 150 species of coral reef fish and 135 different types of mollusks, as well as migrating fish and marine mammals in its surrounding waters. Phu Quoc is one of the few places in the country where wildlife enthusiasts can spot unique species like dugong, the hawksbill turtle and green turtle. The island also produces the best organic pepper, producing around 1,200 tonnes of pepper every year using traditional farming methods and sustainable agricultural technologies. For available tours and booking contact Saigon Tourist

Resources: Visibility is one of the most crucial factors in running a business. To claim your business on here, please contact Tony

Things That Matter Most: Leisure travel is travel in which the primary motivation is to take a vacation from everyday life. Leisure travel is often characterized by staying in nice hotels or resorts, relaxing on beaches or in a room, or going on guided tours and experiencing local tourist attractions. For many vacationers, location is what drove their booking decision. They’re especially looking for things they can do in and around the area, new restaurants to try, and cultural activities to enjoy – so your property’s area attractions, including shopping, dining and entertainment, matter a lot. Above is a list of resources to help you stay happy and productive while traveling aboard.


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