TECHNICAL STANDARDS and INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS
STANDARD: Provide requirements, specifications, guidelines or characteristics that can be used consistently. Major classifications of this term include • Material or substance whose properties are known with a level of accuracy that is sufficient to allow its use as a physical reference in calibrating or measuring the same properties of another material or substance. • Concept, norm, or priciple established by agreement, authority, or custom, and used generally as an example or model to compare or measure the qulity or performance of a practice or procedure. • Written definition, limit, or rule aaproved and monitored for compliance by an authoritative agency or professional or recognized body as a minimum acceptable benchmark.
ABMA (AFBMA): American Bearing Manufacturers Association / Anti-Friction Bearing Manufacturers Association is an industry trade group that deals with all aspects of bearing technology. U.S Bearing Brand Protection Handbook / Standards
AGMA: American Gear Manufacturers Association is a voluntary association of companies, consultants, and academicians with a direct interest in the design, manufacture, and application of gears, couplings and related power transmission components and equipment.
AIA: Aerospace Industries Association founded in 1919, only a few years after the birth of flight, is the most authoritative and influential trade association representing the U.S. aerospace and defense industry on Capitol Hill, within the administration and internationally. As the voice of American aerospace and defense, AIA’s strong advocacy is essential to protecting the interests of our nation and our industry. Today, more than 340 major aerospace and defense companies and their suppliers are members of the association, embodying every high-technology manufacturing segment of the U.S. aerospace and defense industry including commercial aviation and avionics, manned and unmanned defense systems, and space technologies and satellite communications.
ANSI: American National Standard Institute is a private non-profit organization that oversees the development of voluntary consensus standards for products, services, processes, systems, and personnel in the United States. There are approximately 9,500 American National Standards that carry the ANSI designation. Are ANSI standards mandatory? OSHA laws and government standards are always mandatory; ANSI Standards are generally voluntary.
ASME: The American Society of Mechanical Engineers is a professional association that promotes the art, science & practice of multidisciplinary engineering & allied science around the globe. Featured topic includes Bioengineering | Design & Manufacturing | Power & Energy | Standard & Certification | Technology & Society | Journals.
ASM International is a Society of professionals who have come together to accomplish great works for the common good which cannot be achieved independently. The maximum value ASM can bring to its members and society can be achieved by working at the intersection of Design, Structural Engineering, Manufacturing, Quality and Materials. The shared values of transparency, integrity, technical excellence, diversity, and constancy of purpose are the great enablers.
ASSIST-QuickSearch: Department of Defense, DLA Document Services. MIL-STD-810, FED-STD-595, basic search.
ASTM: American Society for Testing and Materials is a globally recognized leader in the development and delivery of voluntary consensus standards. ASTM International standards are the tools of customer satisfaction and competiveness for companies across a wide range of markets. ASTM standards are passports to a successful global trading strategy.
AWS: American Welding Society is a nonprofit organization with a global mission to advance the science, technology and application of welding and allied joining and cutting processes, including brazing, soldering and thermal spraying. AWS offers a number of certification programs that recognize and document expertise and knowledge in specific welding-related disciplines including, inspectors, supervisors, educators, radiographic interpreters, welding engineers and fabricators.
EVERYSPEC: EverySpec.com provides free access to over 55,000 Military, DoD, Federal, NASA, DOE, and Government specifications, standards, handbooks, and publications. This data warehouse includes standardization documents with the designations of MIL, MIL-STD, MIL-PRF, MIL-DTL, FED, CID, JANS, MS, AND, USAF, DID, CID, UCF, and FIPS, including their Amendments, Notices, and Supplements.
IEEE: The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers is the world's premier organization that serves technical professionals and students who are looking to both foster working relationships and gain access to the latest technical research and knowlege with rich offerings in publications, standards, certifications, and more.
ISO: International Organization for Standardization / Organisation Internationale de Normalisation. ISO is an independent, non-governmental international organization with a membership of 162 national standards bodies. nternational Standards make things work. They give world-class specifications for products, services and systems, to ensure quality, safety and efficiency. They are instrumental in facilitating international trade.
ISTA: International Safe Transist Association. ISTA is the author of test procedures that define how packages should perform to ensure protection of their contents. ISTA sets the standard for optimizing packages that are survivable, sustainable, and successful. ISTA has two types of tests: Performance Tests result in a Pass/Fail assessment and are used to determine the viability of a packaged-product to survive normal shipment. Development Tests compare relative performance of two or more designs or the same design from different suppliers. The ISTA 3A test was created in the year 2008 with the purpose of guaranteeing the safe transportation of individual packages weighting less than 70 kg (150 lb) sent to the end consumer via a parcel delivery system.
NEMA: The National Electrical Manufacturers Association represents nearly 350 electrical equipment and medical imaging manufacturers at the forefront of electrical safety, reliability, and resilience, as well as efficiency and energy security. NEMA provides a forum for the development of technical standards that are in the best interests of the industry and users, advocacy of industry policies on legislative and regulatory matters, and collection, analysis, and dissemination of industry data.
NIST: The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) was founded in 1901 and is now part of the U.S. Department of Commerce. From the smart electric power grid and electronic health records to atomic clocks, advanced nanomaterials, and computer chips, innumerable products and services rely in some way on technology, measurement, and standards provided by the National Institute of Standards and Technology.
NSF: The Public Health and Safety Organization help protect the world’s food, water, consumer products and environment. NSF mission is to protect and improve global human health. As an independent, accredited organization, our standards group facilitates the development of standards, and our service groups test and certify products and systems. We also provide auditing and risk management solutions for public health and the environment.
OSHA: The Occupational Safety and Health Administration is an agency of the United States Department of Labor. Congress established the agency under the Occupational Safety and Health Act, which President Richard M. Nixon signed into law on December 29, 1970 to ensure safe and healthful working conditions for working men and women by setting and enforcing standards and by providing training, outreach, education and assistance. The OSHA Act covers most private sector employers in all 50 states. OSHA had federal visitorial powers to inspect and examine workplaces and by law, employers must provide their workers with a workplace that does not have serious hazards and must follow all OSH Act safety and health standards. Employers must find and correct safety and health problems. The OSH Act further requires that employers must first try to eliminate or reduce hazards by making feasible changes in working conditions rather than relying on personal protective equipment such as masks, gloves, or earplugs. Switching to safer chemicals, enclosing processes to trap harmful fumes, or using ventilation systems to clean the air are examples of effective ways to eliminate or reduce risks.
RoHS: Restriction of Hazardous Substances Directive. RoHS has its roots in the European Union back in 2003. The goal of RoHS is to reduce the environmental effect and health impact of electronics. The legislation's primary purpose is to make electronics manufacturing safer at every stage of an electronic device's life cycle. It was adopted in February 2003 by the European Union. RoHS compliance means that a product has been tested for 10 banned substances by an independent authority, and that the tests confirmed levels of the substances below the RoHS threshold. Note on the drawing: A RoHS Certificate of Compliance is Required.
SAE International: SAE is the premier world resource for the design, manufacturing, operation, and maintenance of automobiles, aircraft, space vehicles, off-highway equipment, trucks, buses, trains, marine craft, engines, and self-propelled vehicles. The largest automotive and aerospace standards-setting body in the world, SAE offers technical information in the form of papers, books, magazines, meetings, conferences, professional development seminars, workshops, expositions, continuing education programs, and Internet products. SAE is committed to serving Society through its vehicle safety, maintenance, resource conservation, and education programs.
SME: Society of Manufacturing Engineers has been supporting, sharing knowledge and resources that generate solutions to manufacturing industry for the last 85 years. Inspired, educated and prosperous manufacturing community. Promote manufacturing technology and develop a skilled workforce. Advance manufacturing and attract future generations.
UL: UL stands for Underwriters Laboratories, an organization that is over a century old. UL sets standards for different product categories and tests products to make sure they meet the standards. Developed over 1,500 Standards, UL is an accredited standards developer in the US and Canada. When a product is UL-listed, it means that the global safety certification company UL has confirmed that the the product is safe for use. Products that should definitely be UL-listed before installation in your home include fixed appliances and electrical equipment. The National Electrical Code requires that all items installed in a building be tested by an NRTL (OSHA's Nationally Recognized Testing Laboratory), generally that means UL listed. This does not apply to your personal use items, but does apply to any fixed appliances or electrical equipment that is installed within your home or commercial facility. In this way, UL is similar to the CE marking organization. Looking for UL certified product?
DIGITAL LIBRARY & RESOURCES
ASM Handbook Online: The ASM Handbook is a comprehensive and authoritative guide to the structure, properties, processing, performance, and evaluation of metals and nonmetallic engineering materials. The Digital Library
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