LEARN ABOUT THE ORIGIN OF 12 BIRTHSTONES • COLORS & MEANING
Gems and Stones. A precious stone is a small, rare, hard stone which has inherited from Nature the name of beauty. A precious stone should be a mineral, that is, an object formed in nature. A list of the most commonly used precious and semi-precious gemstons, sapphire, coral, amethyst, emerald, aquamarine, jade, ruby, cormelian, diamond, topaz, turquoise, agate.
Birthstones. A precious stone is a small, rare, hard stone which has inherited from Nature which, in cut and polished form is used to make jewelry or other adornments. A precious stone should be a mineral (a solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence), that is, an object formed in nature. Gemstones have played various roles in the myths and legends of human cultures throughout history. Some tell a story or are believed to have special powers, but all of them share a common beauty. Gemstones come in every color of the rainbow and are gathered from all corners of the world, with each colored gemstone possessing a unique creation of beautiful color. The most commonly used precious and semi-precious gemstones are sapphire, coral, amethyst, emerald, aquamarine, jade, ruby, cormelian, diamond, topaz, turquoise, agate.
The 12 Lucky Gemstones. Different cultures around the world have developed different birthstone lists over the centuries. There are numerous legends and myths about birthstone healing powers and their therapeutic influence. According to these legends, wearing a gemstone during its assigned month heightened its healing powers. Below is a list of Zodiac Sign Gemstones.
Aquamarine – Aries (Mar.21 - Apr.20). The name refers to the palish blue, light blue-green or even light green variety of beryl. The green of aquamarine is a watery green without any trace of yellow and is due to iron, not chromium. The most valuable color is a rich, sky blue. But because the stone is pleochroic, blue stones will have a green or greenish-blue linge in one direction. Most aquamarine comes from the pegmatites of Brazil, Russia, Transbaikalia, Urals, Siberia, United State, and Afghanistan. Rich blue stones are the most valuable of secondary gems, than blue topaz.
For centuries, this timeless gemstone has been a symbol of youth, hope, health and fidelity. Since this gemstone is the color of water and the sky, it is said to embody eternal life. It was long thought that Aquamarine has a soothing influence on married couples, making it a good anniversary gift. Aquamarine is the birthstone for March and the gem for the 19th wedding anniversary.
Aries is the very 1st sign of the Zodiac. It used to contain the vernal equinox (the vernal equinox (March) conventionally marks the beginning of spring in most cultures and is considered the start of the New Year). Vernal equinox is day of the year when Spring begins and when the day and the night are approximately the same length. In ancient Greece Aries was the god of war and ruler of planet Mars. Aries was also identified in some of the mythological stories with the winged ram that possessed golden wool. The ram appeared out of nowhere and saved prince Phrixus and his sister Helle from certain death. It took them to Colchis, an ancient country in Asia, but during the journey, Helle fell off the flying ram and drowned. In Colchis, Phrixus was greeted by king Aeetes, the son of Helios, who gave him his daughter in marriage. As a token of gratitude, Phrixus sacrificed the ram to Zeus and presented the Golden Fleece to the king. The skin of this ram later appeared in connection with the mythical Jason and the Argonauts. The Ram was considered a symbol of sacrifice in all early religions. Aries people approach personal life with as much enthusiasm, passion and fire as they approach most things in love. Those born under the sign of Aries possess positive characteristics and personality traits and are often described as passionate, loyal, adventurous, patrotic, confident and courageous.
Sapphire – Taurus (Apr.20 - May.21). Sapphire takes its name from the Greek word sappheiros , which originally referred to all deep blue gems. Blue sapphire is one of the most popular colored stones. Blue sapphire’s hues reflect the sky’s every shade, from blazing afternoon to velvety midnight. Other colors, such as yellow, pink and orange, are termed fancy sapphires. Blue sapphire is a member of the mineral species corundum, which comes in virtually every color of the rainbow. Its sister stone is ruby, the red variety of corundum. Corundum itself is not a very rare mineral, but gem quality corundum is extremely rare. Most corundum (extremely hard aluminum oxide. Ruby and sapphire are varieties of corundum) is opaque to translucent and heavily included, suitable only for industrial use, including the production of abrasives used for sandpaper and machining of metal, plastics and wood. Sapphire is found in many parts of the world, but the most prized Sapphires are from Myanmar (Burma), Kashmir and Sri Lanka. Sapphires with highly saturated violet-blue color and a smooth, soft appearance or characteristic of sleep, transparency are more rare. The most sought-after color fancy Sapphire is the rare and beautiful Padparadscha, a pink-orange corundum with a distinctive salmon color reminiscent of a tropical sunset. These ultra-rare, ultra-expensive stones are among the most coveted gems in the world. The finest sapphires come from Madagascar and Southeastern Asian countries, including Cambodia, Laos, and Myanmar. It is the second hardest substance on earth after diamond, rating 9 on the Mohs scale of mineral hardness.Since Ancient times the Blue Sapphire represented a promise of honesty, loyalty, purity and trust. It helps find peace of mind and serenity and promotes a life of sincerity, helping preserve one’s innocence while learning life’s truths. Sapphires also are associated with romantic love, representing fidelity and romantic devotion. Protecting lovers for centuries, the Sapphire is September's birthstone and is the gem for the 5th and 45th wedding anniversaries.
Taurus the Bull is the 2sd sign of the Zodiac, is an Earth Sign. Taurus, comes from the story of Europa. She was the daughter of King Agenor of Phoenicia and Telephassa. Europa became the object of Zeus' affections, and he appeared to her as a beautiful, white bull at the Phoenician waterside. The princess was awestruck by the beauty of the bull and walked over to pet it. She then climbed upon his back at which Zeus jumped into the water and carried her across the sea to Crete. He took the form of an eagle there and ravished her. She eventually bore him three sons whose names were Minos, Rhadamanthus, and Sarpedon. Zeus placed the image of the bull in the heavens. A group of stars called the Hyades make up Taurus' head, and another group of stars called the Pleiades make up part of the bull, as well. The Pleiades are a bright galactic cluster and the brightest seven make up their own constellation. Those born under the sign of Taurus possess positive characteristics and personality traits and are often described as affectionate, reliable, ambitious, practical and stubborness.
Alexandrite: Alexandrite was originally discovered in Russia’s Ural Mountains in 1830 and takes its name from Tsar Alexander II. Alexandrite displays a fascinating phenomena, it appears green in the daylight but red in candlelight. Incidentally, these were the colors of Russia’s royal family, and this coincidence further cements the gem’s connection to Tsarist Russia. High quality alexandrite is one of the world’s rarest and most expensive gems. Alexandrite is green in daylight or fluorescent light but red in incandescent light. Though these colors tend to be muted, fine alexandrite makes a remarkable shift from bluish green to “raspberry red.”
It’s said to strengthen intuition, aid in creativity and inspire the imagination. Along with moonstone and pearl, alexandrite is one of the birthstones for June. It is also the gem for the 55th wedding anniversary. The finest come from Brazil, Sri Lanka, India, Madagascar, Russia and Tanzania.
Agate – Gemini (May.21 - June 21). Agates are semi-precious gemstones that are a variegated form of chalcedony (pronounced kal-sed'-nee – khoáng chất chanxeđon), which is silicon dioxide in the form of microscopic fibrous quartz crystals. Agates naturally develop when an empty pocket inside a host rock fills in molecule-by-molecule, layer-by-layer as these microcrystals self organize to form concentric bands or other patterns. Agates develop as secondary deposits in hollow cavities, called vesicles. Although they can form in all types of host rock, most of the world's agates developed in ancient volcanic lava. When the continents were first forming, layers of molten lava pushed toward the earth's surface through rift zone cracks, volcanoes, and other geologic events. Within the lava, there were pockets of trapped gases. Later, these gases escaped through cracks that formed as the igneous rock cooled and hardened, leaving hollow cavities. Other cracks and seams also formed when adjoining sections of lava cooled at different rates.
Agate stones when used as an elixir, Agate can stimulate the digestive system and relieve digestive pains, such as gastritis. It can be beneficial to the intestines and the stomach. It's known to be good for the eyes and healing to the skin. It can help in the treatment of skin-related illnesses and irritations. Agate healing properties extend to the heart and circulatory system as well. Imparting strength in keeping with agate meaning. This type of banded chalcedony strengthens the heart to facilitate improved circulation.
Gemini the Twins is the 3rd sign of the Zodiac. The twins were Castor and Polydeuces. Together, they were known as the Dioscuri. Their sisters were Helen and Clytemnestra. They were the sons of Leda and Zeus and Tyndareus. Castor and Pollux were half-brothers. Leda was married to King Tyndareus of Sparta. At this time, she was also seduced by Zeus, so the father's of both children were uncertain. The Discouri were inseperable and grew closer with age. Castor was a famous horsetamer and Pollux, a superb boxer. When Castor was killed during a battle, Pollux (Plolydeuces) was inconsolable and gave up his own life to be with his brother. Zeus rewarded their love by placing their images among the stars, where they shine side by side. Two lines of stars makes up this constellation, and two bright stars at the top of each line represent Castor and Pollux's heads. Those born under the sign of Gemini possess positive characteristics and personality traits and are often described as adaptable, inquisitive, clever, communicative and lively.
Emeral – Cancer (June 21 - July 22). Green is the color of Spring and has long symbolized love and rebirth. Emerald’s name comes from the Greek word smaragdos. As the gem of Venus it was used to represented fertility and life to ancient Egyptians, and ancient Romans dedicated this gem to Venus, the Roman goddess of love. The emerald has long been associated with faith, harmony, and peace. Emeralds are a gem variety of the mineral beryl as are aquamarine gems. In order for a gem quality beryl to qualify as an emerald, the color must be reasonably intense green. Pale and yellowish gems are classified as green beryl instead of emerald. Emeralds are primarily composed of beryllium, aluminum, silicon, and oxygen. In fine quality, emeralds are among the world’s rarest and most costly gems. Most aquamarine comes from Colombia, Brazil, Zambia, Afghanistan, and North Carolina.
Emerald stone of Peace, it brings soft and delicate energies that can help you calm and balance your own energies. Add this wondrous stone to your gemstone collection to improve your energy field and come closer to the harmony of the spirit. Legend holds that placing an emerald under your tongue will allow you to see the future, and that wearing emeralds will bring riches and power, as well as strengthen memory and intelligence. Emerald is the birthstone for the month of May and the astrological sign Cancer, and emeralds are the gem for the 20th and 35th wedding anniversaries.
Cancer the Crab, the 4th Sign of the Zodiac, represents the Zodiac House of the Moon, and is therefore under strong influence of this planet. Cancer is also the first watery in the Horoscope and because of that it is given authority over the Ocean. The constellation of Cancer is situated in the northern celestial hemisphere. It is being composed of relatively small stars, the brightest of which are of third magnitude. Thus, very few of the stars of the Cancer constellation are visible to the naked eye and consequently, in the ancient times Cancer has been given the name dark sign. This Zodiac sign is very much interested in the domestic side of life and is a representation of what home life and family should be. They feel the ties and duties of family life more intensely than the other signs. Cancer personalities appreciate pleasant or agreeable company, but can be equally happy if left alone. One thing every Cancer seems to oppose is having their plans or arrangements made for them.
Onyx – Leo (July 22 - Aug. 22). Onyx is a black and white banded variety of Chalcedony, a cryptocrystalline form of Quartz with dense, fibrous layers and a hardness of 7. This gem comes in white, reddish brown, brown and banded. A variety of Onyx that is reddish brown with white and lighter reddish bands is known as sardonyx. Black and white combinations are still classified as onyx. Brown alternating with black or white is classified as sardonyx. Mythology holds that Cupid cut the goddess Venus’ fingernails while she slept, and the fates transformed the clippings into onyx, so that no part of the goddess would become mortal. In Indian lore, onyx soothes passions and calms the heart. New Age gem therapists believe that the gem is useful for fostering strength and discipline. Onyx experienced a surge of popularity during the Art Deco period, approximately 1910 to 1935. Onyx’s rare black color ensures that it is always in vogue, and is popular with men. Onyx is a variety of the mineral species chalcedony and is composed of silicon and oxygen. “California onyx” and “Mexican onyx” are not true onyx. They are calcite variations and bear no relation to true onyx.
Onyx is an excellent stone for stimulating intuitive powers and furthers the quality of sentience. It is highly effective for magical work, such as scrying, and because it retains memories of its wearer, is an excellent stone for psychometry, holding an object for a reading. Onyx is particularly empowering for those working to develop their telekinetic abilities. White Onyx can enhance spiritual vision and dream experiences, and facilitate connection with lunar energies.
Leo the Lion is the 5th Sign of the Zodiac. Leos are the royal leaders of the Zodiac, tends to be very persistent in the following of its goal, regardless of the time, cost, possible inconveniences or amount of personal sacrifice. People born under this Zodiac sign possess great personal magnetism and are often entrepreneurs, entertainers and artists. Leo personalities are of bright disposition, sympathetic and generous, vivacious and joyously unrestrained, with a pleasant character free from envy or malice. On the negative side, Leo personality can be vain, arrogant, autocratic and cruel.
Carnelian – Virgo (Aug.22 - Sept. 22). Carnelian is one of the oldest known gemstones, with written records dating back over 4000 years. It was highly prized and worn by many of the world's noble people throughout ancient times. Carnelian holds a very special place in the Christian religion. Carnelian belongs to the quartz group of minerals, the second most abundant mineral group on earth. Although all quartz gemstones share the same chemical composition of silicon dioxide, they are classified into two distinct branches based on crystal formation: Macrocrystalline quartz and cryptocrystalline quartz. Carnelian belongs to the cryptocrystalline branch of quartz. Cryptocrystalline, also referred to as chalcedony quartz, includes a variety of other gemstones including agate, onyx and jasper. Carnelian is classified by its distinct color and is defined as a red-orange to brownish-red variety of chalcedony quartz. Carnelian obtains its color through iron impurities that form within colorless quartz crystal. Carnelian can be found in Brazil, Uruguay, India, Madagascar and New Jersey and Oregon (United States ). Most carnelian gemstones available today are from India and South America. Carnelian is typically untreated, but it can be color-enhanced through heating. Most carnelian stones available today are dyed and heated agate. Carnelian that has been dyed will show a striped pattern when held against the light, while untreated carnelian will appear cloudy.
Carnelian is known to protect its wearer from bad energy, as well as poverty. It can also boost one's sense of humor and help calm one's temper. Physically, carnelian can help with digestive problems and reduce pain associated with the abdomen. It is actually believed to be extremely helpful and beneficial for childbirth. Carnelian can also help heal open sores and alleviate symptoms of rheumatism and other kidney disorders. It is said that carnelian can cleanse and purify blood, thus giving its owner more physical energy.
Virgo the Virgin is the 6th sign of the Zodiac. Virgo, much like its symbolism, is feminine, lady-like graceful and duty-bound. Virgo is associated with sensation, stability and practicality. Combined with other elements, earth feels that air will dry it, fire will parch it, but water will refresh and nourish it. Virgo, just like Taurus and Capricorn, is an earth sign. Earth signs are well aware of their body, which naturally leads to concerns about health and nutritional needs. Those born under the sign of Virgo possess positive characteristics and personality traits and are often described as self-sufficient, perfectionist, analytical, dilligent, modest and orderly. Virgos, more than the other signs of the Zodiac, need to be shown signs of appreciation and respect. When they feel themselves useful and appreciated, they can be some of the kindest people around.
Chrysolite – Libra (Sept.22 - Oct. 23). Peridot is an ancient gem, often referred to as chrysolite, a term still used in referring to intermediate members of the olivine family. Chrysolite takes its name from a Greek word meaning yellow stone. Peridot is a stone with a sparkling pale green color. It occurs in lime, yellowish green, olive green or medium dark green hues. Peridot, also called precious olivine, is a gem-quality transparent green olivine. The only gemstone found in meteorites and one of the few gemstones that occur in only one color; basically an olive green. Olivine, which is actually not an official mineral, is composed of two minerals: the iron-rich fayalite (color: green, yellowish, amber brown, brown, olive green) and the magnesium-rich forsterite (color: green, pale lemon yellow). The crystals of peridot have a vitreous lustre and conchoidal fracture. Gem-quality olivine is a mineral that composes a lot of the earth's mantel, the layer below the crust. It is also common in basalts on the moon.
Chrysoberyl is often mistaken for chrysolite, because of their similar colour, and has been called oriental chrysolite. Chrysoberyl is the name of a mineral as well as three different gem varieties--two of which are widely accepted as some of the most rare and valuable of all phenomenal gems. The gem commonly known as chrysoberyl is a yellowish-green, brownish-yellow, or colorless transparent to translucent mineral that is usually faceted into gems and generally considered a collector's stone. While not often set in jewelry, its characteristics make it ideal for such use. When chrysoberyl displays color-change properties, it is known as alexandrite, and when it exhibits chatoyancy, it is known as cat's eye chrysoberyl. The name chrysolite, however, should properly be restricted to a pale-green olivine, a silicate mineral that is softer and less dense than chrysoberyl.
It was believed that peridots could ease a person’s mind from jealousy, in this way putting the mind at ease and creating a state of calm and contentment. For those suffering with fever, a peridot in the mouth would ease thirst and prevent dehydration. Crushed peridot was used as a cure for asthma and was ingested in liquids or in food. It was also seen as a remedy for liver disease. Peridot is used to help dreams become a reality and is believed to attract love. The deep green hue of the peridot also suggests a connection in wealth-attracting. Peridot calms a raging anger. It is also useful to dispel negative emotions, and it is believed to promote sleep when worn to bed.
Libra the Balancing Scales, the 7th Sign of the Zodiac, is represented by the symbol of the Balancing Scales. Libra is ruled by Venus, one of the planets in the Solar system. Individuals born under the influence of Libra are noteworthy for their analytical abilities. They are able to mentally weigh and balance all things in a sense that none of the other signs seem capable of doing. They value fairness and justice above most things, and are natural soothers and harmonizers. On their own, most Libras will steer clear of conflict or arguments, and would also not prefer to create or cause conflicts and disagreements. Those born under the sign of Libra possess positive characteristics and personality traits and are often described as diplomatic, perceptive, refined, charming and pleasant.
Beryl – Scorpio (Oct.23 - Nov. 21).The beryls are among the most popular, and also the most expensive, of all gems. Beryl is a mineral composed of beryllium aluminum cyclosilicate. It is a very popular mineral in all of its forms. The beryl family includes some of the most popular and expensive gemstones. Beryl consists of the elements beryllium, aluminum, silicon, and oxygen. The mineral can be opaque to translucent with a vitreous luster. Normally colorless, beryls take on colors from a variety of trace elements such as chromium and iron. Emerald and blue to blue-green aquamarine is a traditional favorite and well-known and popular choices for jewelry, while red beryl is one of the rarest and most expensive gems. The only place this raspberry to deep rose red stone is found in gem quality is the Wah Wah Mountains of Utah. Morganite is the pink beryl. While it is often a pure pink, top values go to the salmon/peach shades. Cat’s eye, star, and shiller effects in beryls are strange curiosities. Cat’s eye aquamarines and emeralds are sometimes rather large. Beryls can range from colorless to black, and crystals can range in size from single carats to extremely large and flawless. Beryl is found mostly in granitic pegmatites, but is also found in mica schists in the Ural Mountains of Russia, as well as in limestone in Columbia. Beryl is found in Europe in Sweden, Germany, Austria and Norway. It is also found in Brazil, South Africa, Columbia, Madagascar, Mozambique, Zambia, and the United States. In the United States, beryl can be found in California, Colorado, Connecticut, Georgia, Idaho, Maine, New Hampshire, North Carolina, South Dakota and Utah. Beryl is New Hamphire’s state mineral. Some of the largest beryl crystals ever found come from the Bumpus Quarry in Albany, Maine. The most valuable and rare chrysoberyl stones with cat’s eye effect are mined in Madagascar and the territory of Sri Lanka. All colors of beryl can be produced by the hydrothermal method, and emeralds are also flux grown. Caution must be exercised when identifying these gems, as it is easy to mistake naturals and synthetics. However, synthetic production can create peculiar inclusions that can help distinguishing synthetic from natural beryls.
The name beryl comes from the Latin word “beryllus,” which is a "precious blue-green color-of-sea-water stone.” Beryl is the star sign stone for Scorpio and the talismanic stone for Sagittarius. Beryl has been said to have the power to keep demons away, to promote happiness and marital love, increase sincerity, cure laziness, protect travelers from danger, and maintain youthfulness.
Scorpio, the 8th Sign of the Zodiac is ruled by Pluto, one of the planets in the Solar system. The symbols of this sign, in addition to the obvious Scorpion, are an Eagle and a Serpent. The Eagle usually stands for the mature Scorpio. When Scorpio becomes more mature and spiritual, it is transformed into an Eagle that soars above all creatures. The Eagle is watching and learning from above, being now much closer to God. The less mature Scorpios can be symbolized with the Serpent. The sign of Scorpio is represented naturally, as a scorpion, whose venomous and sometimes lethal sting can reflect Scorpio’s aggression when provoked. The Scorpio loves a good fight, and can give ‘intensity’ a run for its money worth. Well, the Scorpions are strong, commanding, intense, passionate and zealous. Driven, dedicated and loyal, they also are ambitious and security-loving. Inquisitive and ready to learn, Scorpio individuals are intelligent, motivated people, who can contribute amply to any project. Those born under the sign of Scorpio possess positive characteristics and personality traits and are often described as complex, emotional, focused, determined and hypnotic. What Happens When A Scorpio Finds Love . . . After The Storm?
Topaz – Sagittarius (Nov.21 - Dec. 21). Most experts agree the name Topaz is from Topazios, an ancient Greek name for St. John’s Island in the Red Sea. Others say it is comes from the Sanskrit topaz meaning fire in an ancient Indian language. Topaz is classified as a mineral species. Composition typically includes aluminum, fluorine, hydrogen, oxygen, and silicon. Topaz generally forms in pegmatites, areas in the earth’s crust where gems crystallize from metal rock and hot chemical-rich fluids. For centuries, topaz was associated with the color yellow. People assumed that all yellow gemstones were topaz, and that all topaz was yellow. In its pure form it is colorless (white). Impurities are what cause variations in color. Today we know it occurs in a broad color range that includes various tones and saturations of red, pink, purple, yellow, orange, and brown, as well as blue and green. Blue Topaz, although increasingly abundant, very rarely occurs naturally and is often caused by irradiation treatment. Topaz can also be colorless. Red and pink topaz varieties are rare, highly cherished, and very valuable. Topaz is found mostly in Afghanistan, Australia, Brazil, China, Japan, Germany, Madagascar, Mexico, Myanmar (Burma), Namibia, Nigeria, Pakistan, Russia, Sri Lanka, Zimbabwe, Ukraine and the USA. Natural light-blue topaz is found in Northern Ireland and the UK. Large topaz crystals have been discovered in Minas Gerais (Brazil) and Ukraine.
Topaz gemstone is a beautiful jewelry material, its hardness on the Mohs scale is 8 with a strong luster, very allergic grinding. The Greeks believed that topaz imbued its wearer with strength and allowed him or her to overcome evil magic. Legend says that topaz dispels enchantment. With its worldwide mass appeal throughout the centuries, once you find that perfect Topaz you’ll soon be under its spell. Topaz is the birthstone for the month of November and the astrological sign Sagittarius. Blue topaz is the gem for the 4th & 19th wedding anniversary and is a symbol of love and affection, and has been said to be an aid to ones sweetness and disposition. Topaz is most desired in its rich orange Imperial Topaz color but it is found in a variety of rich colors like blue, pink and yellow. In traditional Indian belief systems, topaz is said to unlock the throat chakra, which facilitates communication and self-expression. Therefore, topaz is thought to be beneficial to artists, writers, public speakers and others who are concerned with self-expression.
Sagittarius, the 9th Sign of the Zodiac is ruled by Jupiter, one of the planets in the Solar system. The symbol of Sagittarius is the Centaur, a mythical creature half human half horse. The Centaur has a bow, and he is ready to fire an arrow. Centaur was in fact Chiron, the son of Saturn who was famous for his medicinal skills, as well as general scientific knowledge. He was considered a kind, gentle, and understanding Centaur, not only wise and brilliant archer, but also a great physician and musician. According to legend Chiron was instructing Achilles how to defeat the Hydra. Accidentally he was poisoned by the Hydra’s blood and, as immortal, translated to the sky to represent the constellation of the Archer. Sagittarius individuals possess a strong and accurate perception, sensing the flaws and weaknesses in the personalities of the people around them. In that, they resemble the Archer, with their arrows hitting the mark each time. Sagittarians are decisive, progressive and have an enterprising spirit. Their thoughts and words carry the powers of intuition and inspiration. Sagittarius individuals are fun loving and a good company. Many of them are philosophic in bent, and their spirit of inquiry is practically relentless and endless. Restless, curious and always ready to explore, sometimes they may end up being too upfront and garrulous. Given their quest for truth and ultimate wisdom, most Sagittarius do not take things at their face value. Those born under the sign of Sagittarius possess positive characteristics and personality traits and are often described as compassionate, generous, humorous, ethical and dynamic.
Ruby – Capricorn (May.21 - June 21).The name ruby comes from the Latin word ruber, which means red. Ruby is extremely rare and considered to be one of the precious gems of the four. This would include diamond, sapphire, emerald and the ruby. While Rubies are made of the mineral 'corundum' so are sapphires and other gemstones. The main difference between these gemstones is the deep red colors in the ruby, although pink or red colors can be seen in sapphires as well. The distinct red color comes from the element of chromium. In its pure form, corundum is completely colorless. The color of a Ruby is the most important feature of the gemstone. Rubies are available in a range of red hues from purplish and bluish red to orange-red. Burmese Ruby has the brightest, rich, passionate, hot, full red color with a slight blue hue is the most valuable. This color is often referred to as pigeon blood red, a Ruby color only found in the Mogok Valley mines in Myanmar. The color Pigeon Blood Ruby red, is not associated with the color of a pigeon’s blood but rather the color of a white pigeon’s eye. Ruby can be identified by its hardness of 9 on the Mohs scale, and vibrant color. The rich ruby deposits exist in Thailand, Sri Lanka, Burma, Pakistan, India and Affrica . In Africa, these stones are traditionally mined in Zimbabwe and Kenya. Many of the rubies found in nature do not reach the market (in their natural state) before the stones are cut and polished. Ruby is also irradiated and treated with diffusion to enhance the color. Other enhancements include fracture filling with lead glass, which is conducted to render heavily included gemstones fit for jewelry use. Occasionally, ruby is oiled or dyed. Despite all of the treatments that ruby can be subjected to, natural ruby gemstones are available and all reputable gemstone sellers declare any treatments or enhancements.
The Ruby represents love, passion, courage and emotion. Ruby is also known as the stone of courage and was believed that wearing a fine red Ruby a person can walk through life without fear of evil or misfortune. For centuries this gem has been considered the king of all gems. Rubies have been the prized possession of emperors and kings throughout the ages. Ancient Indian folklore holds that rubies can preserve physical and mental health, prevent evil thoughts, mollify disputes, and ensure safety. In Medieval Europe, ruby was regarded as the Lord of All Stones. Ruby is the birthstone for Jun and the zodiac sign Capricorn and is the gem for the 15th and 40th wedding anniversary.
Capricorn the Mountain Goat, the 10th Sign of the Zodiac is ruled by Saturn. Saturn is symbolically depicted as an old man with a scythe, signifying the processes of time and death. Capricorn is a sign oriented toward making money, not only for the sake of having money, but also in order to enhance social status and get in a position of power. Committed to responsibilities, Capricorn is a Sign representing the work side of life. They are persistent, and patient in their endeavor, they can withstand numerous hardships, they can get over huge obstacles and possess great resilience and dauntless energy. Capricorn values the importance of family, children, friends and earthly life in general. They also have a strong desire for acquiring knowledge, for self-improvement and professional advancement.
Garnet – Aquarius (Jan.21 - Feb.21). Garnet takes its name from either the French grenat, which translates to Red Like a Pomegranate, or granatus for Latin, which translates to Grain-like and may refer to the appearance of small garnet crystals. Silicate (any of the many minerals consisting primarily of Silicon and Oxygen combined with metal Ions, forming a major component of the rocks of the earth's crust) of magganese and aluminum, belonging to the garnet family. The color is in orange-pink, orange-red, or brownish yellow. It may be semiopaque or transparent. Transparent crystals are highly lustrous. It has no cleavage. This gem is also available in a rainbow of colors, from the deep red Bohemian Garnet to the vibrant greens of the Russian Demantoid and African Tsavorite. Available in the oranges and browns of Spessartite and Hessonite from Namibia and Sri Lanka and the subtle pinks and purples of Rhododendron. In the ancient world, garnet was limited to shades of red.
Garnet traditionally symbolizes faith, truth, friendship, and loyalty. For many centuries, people believed that the gem could dispel fear, pacify discord, protect travelers, and inspire intimacy. Legend says Garnets light up the night and protect their owners from nightmares. Garnets have long been carried by travelers to protect against accidents far from home. Garnet is the birthstone for January but with its stunning variety of colors and its mystical powers it has been given as a gift for all occasions for centuries.
Aquarius is the 11th Sign of the Zodiac. The Water Bearer, the water jug or vase. It is rather universal, recognized by virtually all ancient peoples. The myth about Aquarius is associated with Ganymede, one of the most beautiful young man of Troy. Zeus, the highest of the gods of Greek mythology, captured the boy transformed as a giant eagle, and brought him to the Mount of Olympus, destined to become a personal servant of his own. Thus, Ganymede was forced to be a cup bearer in service of Zeus. After some time, Ganymede couldn’t take it any more, and decided to pour out all the wine from mount Olympus down to earth. This caused heavy rains and floods that threatened the entire world. Zeus, realizing that he was unfair to the boy, decided to make Ganymede immortal, securing a place in the Southern sky in the form of the constellation of Aquarius. Although Aquarius appears at first sight to be a water sign, it is in fact an air sign. As an air sign, Aquarians are supposed to be rational and intellectual, good judges of human nature, and with good reasoning powers and analytical skills. Those born under the sign of Aquarius possess positive characteristics and personality traits and are often described as progressive, entertaining, stimulating, independent and creative.
Amethyst – Pisces (Feb.21 - Mar.21). The violet, purple to almost pink variety of quartz is called amethyst. The typical color is a rich, violet-purple, often distributed in patches or bands. It can also be quite pale, but is generally the same basic color, without any overtones. The distribution of the color, in striking patches and bands, is characteristics. When the stones contain inclusions, a series of discontinous, wavy parallel lines, visible with a len, inkdicates that they are certain amethyst, The finest amethysts come from Brazil and neighboring, United State, Madagascar, and Russia, India, Australia, South Affrica, and many other countries. It is also widely available in difference shapes and sizes which makes it more affordable. Amethyst complements both warm and cool colors so it looks fabulous set in both yellow and white metals.
The ancient Greeks and Romans believed Amethyst would ward off the intoxicating powers of Bacchus, and keep the wearer clear headed and quick-witted. For centuries, Amethyst has been associated with many myths and legends as well as religions in numerous cultures. This gem has been found in the personal items of many kings and queens throughout the ages. Purple, known as the color of royalty, Amethyst is the birthstone for February and the zodiac sign Pisces, and is also the gem for the 6th wedding anniversary.
Pisces is the 12th and the last Sign of the Zodiac. Known to the ancient Greeks under the name of Ichthyes, the Fishes, the Zodiac sign of Pisces has always been connected to spirituality and religious ideas. The Ichthyes were a pair of large river fishes that rescued Eros/Cupid and Aphrodite/Venus who were trying to escape the monster called Typhoeus. Pisces individuals are prone to changing their minds and often are susceptible to sudden impulses, much like the scintillating waters that represent the native element of this sign. As much as they are opposing anything that brings disorder to their calm temperament, Pisces people possess adaptable personalities and are capable to accept any change of circumstances that comes their way. Their feelings and emotions have many facets, but they are always strong and have great appreciation for beautiful things. Those born under the sign of Pisces possess positive characteristics and personality traits and are often described as honest, romantic, generous, affectionate and receptive. Pisces can be lacking in the area of self-esteem, which can lead to failures in recognizing and taking the best opportunities for personal advancement.